NBS-C  BioScience 

Biacore - how does it work ?

The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phenomenon occurs when polarized light, under conditions of total internal reflection, strikes an electrically conducting gold layer at the interface between media of different refractive index: the glass of a sensor surface (high refractive index) and a buffer (low refractive index).

A wedge of polarized light, covering a range of incident angles, is directed toward the glass face of the sensor surface. Reflected light is detected within a Biacore system. An electric field intensity, known as an evanescent wave, is generated when the light strikes the glass. This evanescent wave interacts with, and is absorbed by, free electron clouds in the gold layer, generating electron charge density waves called plasmons and causing a reduction in the intensity of the reflected light.

The resonance angle at which this intensity minimum occurs is a function of the refractive index of the solution close to the gold layer on the opposing face of the sensor surface.